What do the EHIC and GHIC do?
The cards may have different names but they act in much the same way. They are free, last for five years, and entitle those with one to cheaper medical care in EU member state countries.
If travellers need medical care in Europe and they have one of these cards, they will only pay what a local person who lives in the country would pay.
This includes state-run hospitals and doctors and it means if a local would be able to get free treatment, cardholders will too.
However, if residents would usually have to pay for this, cardholders will be charged the same rate they would be. This could still be far less than going to a private medical centre.
Residents of EU countries are also able to benefit from free NHS treatment if they are visiting the UK and have one of the cards.
However, travellers can’t use the card if they are specifically travelling abroad for a medical reason, such as an operation.