Justin Trudeau, 49, and his Liberal Party won 157 seats in the 2021 snap election in Canada – the same number as the party won in 2017, but 13 short of the 170 needed for a majority in the House of Commons. The lack of a majority is an awkward outcome for Mr Trudeau, who hoped to make significant gains in the snap election. But his support was diminished in the face of voter outrage at his decision to call an election while the country struggles to fight the pandemic’s fourth wave. But what will the election result mean for PM Boris Johnson?
In the end, however, voters decided to give him another four years in office, potentially taking him to a decade in power.
Speaking about his party’s win, Mr Trudeau said: “You are sending us back to work with a clear mandate to get Canada through this pandemic.
“Our team, our Government is ready. To my fellow Canadians, there is no greater honour than serving you.”
The victor of the election will have a key role in deciding the direction of the country on key matters including climate change, free trade and security.
And while Canada’s election does not garner the same global attention as those undertaken in its neighbouring USA, this does not mean the outcome does not have serious implications for other nations around the world.
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Mr Trudeau’s main opponent, Conservative leader Erin O’Toole, had outlined his intention to forge new action plans in many of these areas – including to pursue the so-called Canzuk trade deal with Australia, New Zealand and the UK.
However, Mr Trudeau has pledged to deepen diplomatic, economic and defence partnerships in the Asia-Pacific region.
The UK already has a trade agreement with Canada, as a rollover of the previous agreement the EU has with Canada, known as CETA.
Britain and Canada signed an interim trade deal in November last year, before securing a full agreement in December 2020.
In a statement issued at the time, the British Government said: “Today’s agreement gives certainty for UK businesses exporting goods and services to Canada worth £11.4 billion.
“The trade deal supports British industries including automotive manufacturing and food and drink, which between them provide jobs for more than half a million people across the UK.”
Trade between the UK and Canada is currently worth an estimated £22.4bn each year.
Any new deal would “take our trading relationship to new heights by starting negotiations on a new trade deal that will help us set the bar for 21st-century trade, bringing jobs opportunity, and prosperity for our people”, according to the former trade secretary and current Foreign Secretary Liz Truss.
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The deal is beneficial across the UK, with many regions profiting from the agreement.
According to the Government statement, “together the West Midlands and North West regions exported over £1.2 billion worth of goods to Canada last year, while Scotland and Northern Ireland collectively exported £1 billion.”
The Canzuk is a popular deal in the UK with 94 percent of British parliamentarians backing the free movement of goods between Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
The survey found 61 percent also support the free movement of people between those countries.
Mr Trudeau has come under fire from critics in recent days due to claims he is an afterthought for the US leader Joe Biden.
The Canadian PM was forced to explain at a recent campaign why Canada was not part of the Aukus deal between the USA, UK and Australia.
He told reporters Aukus is about nuclear submarines and argued Australia is “not currently or any time soon in the market” for them.
He added Canada continues to be a strong member of the Five Eyes intelligence alliance, which includes the Aukus.